Amur Leopard Fact Sheet

Common Name:

Amur Leopard

Scientific Name:

Panthera pardus orientalis

Wild Status:

Critically Endangered

Habitat:

Forests, fields

Country:

Russia, parts of Asia

Shelter:

Caves

Life Span:

15 years

Size:

5 ft long

Cool Facts:

  • The harsh winters of their environment make survival difficult
  • The summers are also very hot, meaning this leopard is adapted for both temperature extremes
  • Amur leopards take longer to reach independence than other leopards as they require extra help from their mothers during the winter
  • Although they are fast, they are not as fast as cheetahs
  • They have been recorded jumping 10ft high
  • Some have been known to hide their prey to avoid theft by scavengers 
  • Can have large territories which they stay in for many years

Details:

Amur leopards are big cats native to China and eastern parts of Russia, though they have also been found in Korea and Japan. They are slightly smaller than their African counterparts but are still fast and agile predators. Solitary by nature, they rarely stick together after reaching maturity. They have been long hunted by humans for their fur and to protect livestock. Their numbers are a fraction of the population a century back, and some estimate fewer than 60 Amur leopards are alive in the wild.

Taxonomic Breakdown:

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Clade: Tetrapodomorpha Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Suborder: Feliformia Family: Felidae Subfamily: Pantherinae Genus: Panthera Species: P. pardus Subspecies: P. p. orientalis

Conservation & Helping:

Amur Leopards are critically endangered due to poaching and habitat destruction. Leopards have long been illegally hunted for their fur and to protect livestock, namely deer. Many of their prey species, such as deer, doe, and boars, have been hunted as well. The remaining population of prey animals is not large enough to allow reintroduction. Additionally, extant Amur leopards have low genetic diversity, which could leave them vulnerable to disease. Fortunately, efforts from wildlife conservationists and activists is helping. Habitat destroying projects have been canceled and captive breeding efforts have led to hundreds of amur leopards in zoos and protected areas.

For Teachers and Educators

Amur-Leopard-Fact-Sheet.pdf

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