Asian Elephant Fact Sheet

Common Name:

Asian Elephant

Scientific Name:

Elephas maximus

Wild Status:



Forests, grasslands


Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Laos


Under trees, near sources of water

Life Span:



9 ft tall

Cool Facts:

  • Smaller than their African counterparts and more easily domesticated
  • Domesticated for thousands of years for labor, entertainment, and war.
  • Because only some males and very few females have tusks, they are not poached or hunted to the same level as African Elephants
  • Considered endangered mostly due to loss of habitat and food
  • Have been known to invade human crops and stores of food, leading to deaths of elephants and humans alike


While African Elephants bring up images of fierce, free roaming beasts, Asian Elephants are most often associated with circuses and war. Domesticated for thousands of years, Asian Elephants have greatly advanced human civilization at the expense of their own. Mistreatment of Asian Elephants under humans continues today, although efforts to rescue and comfort these elephants has brought many of them peace.   Like the African Elephants, Asian Elephants are intelligent and social. The females live in tight knit groups for their entire lives and care for their young together. They are slightly smaller than African Elephants due to the fact they live in forests rather than out in the open.

Taxonomic Breakdown:

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Proboscidea Family: Elephantidae Genus: Elephas Species: E. maximus

Conservation & Helping:

This species is endangered. Loss of habitat and food are the leading causes of elephant death. As humans expand and require more land, elephants are often pushed out and find themselves without food or shelter. Farmers and villagers are often at odds with desperate wild elephants and are thought to be a major factor in their decline.

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