Dik Dik Fact Sheet

Common Name:

Dik Dik

Scientific Name:

Madoqua sp.

Wild Status:

Least Threatened


Shrublands, savannas


Eastern and Southern Sfrica



Life Span:

10 years


1-1.5 ft tall, 1.5-2.5 ft long, 6-13.2 lb

Cool Facts:

  • The name dik-dik comes from the alarming noises that female dik-diks make.
  • They have predetermined runways in their territory that they use to flee when they feel threatened.
  • Dik-diks have elongated snouts. This helps them thermal regulate, although they can tolerate high temperatures of up to 104 F.
  • They are herbivorous but eat little to no grass. They mainly eat foliage, shoots, fruit and berries.
  • When their young reach their full size at about 7 month, their parents kick them out of the territory. Males will run the male young out, while the females run out their female young.


Dik-diks belong to the genus Madoqua. There are four species of Dik-diks.  They are small antelopes that inhibit Eastern and Southern Africa. Females are slightly larger than males and males have short horns. Dik-diks are Monogamous animals and rarely interact with other  dik-dik pairs. They inhabit about 12 acres of territory . While they are not very aggressive towards other pairs, they constantly mark their territory with dung piles. Males will also cover the females dung with their own dung.  Dik-diks also have a gland under their  eye, which they stick stems and leaves into to scent-mark their territory.

Taxonomic Breakdown:

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Cetartiodactyla Family: Bovidae Genus: Madoqua

Conservation & Helping:

The dik-dik is generally considered stable. In some communities, populations are decreasing in densely settled areas. Surprisingly, some dik-dik communities have been able to adjust in unconventional territories. With a number of growing agricultural developments, it is very likely that dik-diks will decrease in numbers in other areas so it is important that wildlife foundations and animal welfare government institutions work with their country's population to support the continued dik-dik populations.

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