Jacobin Pigeon Fact Sheet

Common Name:

Jacobin Pigeon

Scientific Name:

Columba livia

Wild Status:

Not Evaluated


Urban areas if in the wild




Flimsy nest

Life Span:

Up to 15 years in captivity


Medium sized with a 5 to 6 inch hood

Cool Facts:

  • Jacobin pigeons were named after the Jacobin order of monks who date from 1100 and were known for their distinctive hooded habits.
  • Jacobin pigeons are descended from Rock pigeons.
  • Their diet consists of fruits, vegetation and insects.
  • Pigeons can drink by sucking water directly from a puddle or other water source and do not have to tip their head back to swallow.
  • It took 4 stages of development to achieve their look.
  • Females usually lay about 2 eggs


The Jacobin Pigeon is a fancy pigeon, bred primarily for show. They  make flimsy nests on buildings and trees. The Jacobin Pigeons are monogamous and the female, called a hen will lay one egg and then 17 days later, one more egg. Foster parents, called Homers will often help the hens. The hens shape of head can make it difficult for them to see if an egg has slipped out. The Homers will see this and scratch the egg back under. Their diet consists mostly of seeds and fruits. They get most of their water from free standing water.

Taxonomic Breakdown:

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves Order Columbiformes Family: Columbidae Genus: Columba Species: Columba livia   

Conservation & Helping:

Since the Jacobin Pigeon is primarily an indoor bird there isn't any conservation issues. In the wild, pigeons can be considered pests because of bird droppings which can lead to diseases.

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