Persian Leopard Fact Sheet

Common Name:

Persian leopard

Scientific Name:

Panthera pardus tulliana

Wild Status:



subalpine meadows, mountain steppes, juniper forests


southern Turkmenistan, western Afghanistan and northern Iraq


brush, vegetation, caves

Life Span:

Wild: 10-15 yrs // Captivity: 20 yrs


Body: 3-6' // Tail: 23-43"

Cool Facts:

  • The main diet of Persian leopards is dependent on their habitat and location. Some populations mainly prey on ungulates.
  • They inhabit a wide range of habitats, but mainly avoid areas with long-duration snow cover.
  • Persian leopards are typically nocturnal but have been known to adjust to hunting during the day in areas where larger predators co-exist with them.
  • Females give birth to 1 to 4 cubs.


Taxonomic Breakdown:

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Suborder: Feliformia Family: Felidae Subfamily: Pantherinae Genus: Panthera Species: P. pardus Subspecies: P. p. tulliana

Conservation & Helping:

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