Raccoon Fact Sheet

Common Name:

Raccoon

Scientific Name:

Procyon lotor

Wild Status:

Least Concern

Habitat:

Mixed Forests

Country:

USA, Canada, Mexico

Shelter:

Tree Hollows and sometimes Burrows

Life Span:

2-3 years

Size:

up to 60 lbs

Cool Facts:

  • Raccoons are very intelligent.
  • Raccoons are known to douse or rinse their food before eating.
  • They tend to live up to 20 years, but only 1-3 in the wild.
  • Raccoons have become invasive species in Japan and Europe.
  • These mammals are omnivores and a HUGE variety of foods.
  • Raccoon females have litters of 2-5 kits.
  • Raccoons are capable of unscrewing jars and opening tubs
  • Raccoons are known to be very common in urban areas.
  • They are well known by the black fur around their eyes.

Details:

Raccoons are the mischievous, intelligent animals that we all know to be the little bandits of the animal world.  They have black fur around their eyes that make them look like little bandits or bank robbers.  They are larger bodied mammals that can weigh from 10-60 lbs depending on the size and they have fluffy white and black striped tail.  With their tails included they can be over 40 inches long and they form semi-social family groups. Raccoons have do not have opposable thumbs, but they are still incredibly good at grabbing and holding things. They are omnivores who will eat almost anything they can find, including rummaging through trash for food.  If water is present you will sometimes see raccoons dousing their food and patting it down.  Raccoons can live a while, but when living life in the wild they life can be cut as short as 1 year old. To learn more about these social animals, then head over to the Raccoon Center in the kids' zone.

Taxonomic Breakdown:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Family: Procyonidae
  • Genus: Procyon
  • Species: Procyon lotor
 

Conservation & Helping:

Raccoons are currently considered least concern and very wide spread throughout the North America Continent. They are very common in wooded areas and very successful among human populations in major cities.  Raccoons are very smart and incredibly versatile, so they are able to survive in different situations.  They are have also established themselves in other countries after escaping animal facilities. If you find a injured or orphaned raccoon, then be sure to call your local wildlife rehab or animal control.  Please do not approach a raccoon on your own as they can be a little aggressive.  You may call our main office for assistance with any wild raccoons, but we offer advice we do not offer trapping services.

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