Spotted Cuscus Fact Sheet

Common Name:

Spotted Cuscus

Scientific Name:

Spilocuscus maculatus

Wild Status:

Least Concern


Rainforests, mangroves


Australia, New Guinea



Life Span:

11 years


3.3-13.2 lbs, 14-26 in body length; 13-24 tail lnegth

Cool Facts:

  • It is debated whether the Spotted Cuscus originated in New Guinea and migrated to Australia, or vise versa
  • They have a varied diet and will feed on plant leaves, eggs, flowers, small animals
  • They sleep with their head tucked between their legs and have been observed to use palm tree fronds to cover themselves.
  • Females care one to two babies in their pouch at a time.
  • They are slow-moving through the tree and are rarely seen in the wild.


The Spotted Cuscus is a small-medium sized marsupial. They have round heads and small round ears. Their pupils are slit-like, like snake-eyes.  Their body is covered in dense brown, white, cream colored fur. They have spotted patterns on their fur. They have robust limbs with 5 fingers in each. The Spotted Cuscus spends much of its time in the trees. They have long sharp claws that help them climb and hold on to trees. It also has two opposable digits on its forelimbs and one opposable digit on its hind legs to help it grasp on the trees. They have a long prehensile tail. Their tail is nearly the same length as their body. the last third of its tail is bare, as well as the underside of its paws to help them grip on to trees and branches.

Taxonomic Breakdown:

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Infraclass: Marsupialia Order: Diprotodontia Family:Phalangeridae Genus: Spilocuscus Species: S. maculatus

Conservation & Helping:

The Spotted Cuscus is not on the IUCN Red list. They are considered least concern. They are hunted for meat and for their fur but are not in danger or endangerment. It is possible that with continued hunting that hey become a species of concern. It is important that their numbers are regulated to prevent over exploitation of the Spotted Cuscus.

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