Tasmanian Devil Fact Sheet

Common Name:

Tasmanian Devil

Scientific Name:

Sarcophilus harrisii

Wild Status:

Endangered

Habitat:

Tasmania

Country:

Tasmania

Shelter:

Rocks, Caves and Hallow Logs.

Life Span:

5 years in the wild.

Size:

20-30 inches. 9-26 lbs.

Cool Facts:

  • They are the largest living carnivorous marsupial.
  • Nocturnal.
  • Early European settlers gave the Tasmanian devil it's alarming name. The sight of the large black animal with big white teeth and bright red ears, combined with the spine chilling screeches it tends to make gave them their name.
  • Tasmanian Devils possess one of the strongest bites in the world, at 1,200 pounds per square inch.
  • They have the ability to store fat in their tails.
  • Though they are not very fast at running, they can run for an extended amount of time, and are also great swimmers and climbers.

Details:

The Tasmanian devil is a carnivorous marsupial of the family Dasyuridae. It was once native to mainland Australia and is now found in the wild only on the island state of Tasmania, including tiny east-coast Maria Island where there is a conservation project with disease-free animals. They have a notorious cranky disposition. When feeling threatened by a predator, fighting for a mate, or defending a meal. Currently only found in Tasmania, they were previously found in much of Australia mainlands. Tasmanian Devils are carnivorous marsupials and mostly nocturnal predators. They are generally solitary creatures but highly social.          

Taxonomic Breakdown:

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Infraclass: Marsupialia Order: Dasyuromorphia Family: Dasyuridae Genus: Sarcophilus Species: S.harrisii  

Conservation & Helping:

Since the early 1990's the Tasmanian Devil population has decreased more than 60%, And currently still decreasing. An infectious disease called DFTD ( Devil Facial Tumor Disease ) This disease is responsible for the decline. Programs such as the STDP ( Save the Tasmanian Devil Program ) have since been established to hopefully take these creatures off the endangered species list.

For Teachers and Educators

Tasmanian-Devil-Fact-Sheet.pdf

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