Common Warthog Fact Sheet

Common Name:

Common Warthog

Scientific Name:

Phacochoerus africanus

Wild Status:

Least Concern

Habitat:

Savannahs, grass stepes, semi-arid deserts

Country:

Kenya, Somalia, Ethopia, and more.

Shelter:

Burrows

Life Span:

11 years

Size:

females up to 165lbs, males up to 330lbs

Cool Facts:

  • Female and young warthogs live in non-territorial family groups, called sounders.
  • There are four recognized subspecies of the common warthog.
  • The common warthog uses its snout and feet to dig. Although they are powerful diggers, they typically use abandoned burrows of aardvarks.
  • The common warthog can run up to 30 mph.
  • They keep cool but rolling around in the mud and warm up by huddling with others.

Details:

The common warthog ranges in size from 2ft 11 in to 4ft 11 in in head-and-body length, and 2ft 1 in to 2 ft 9.5 in in shoulder height. Females are typically only slightly smaller compared to males.  Males and females have large upper and lower specialized incisors. These tusks curve upwards, and slightly backwards, and are used as a defense mechanism rather than digging. The common warthog has coarse and sparse body hair. They have a mane made up of long, think, lack hair that runs down its spine. Their tail are long and tufted at the end.

Taxonomic Breakdown:

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Artiodactyla Family: Suidae Subfamily: Phacochoerinae Genus: Phacochoerus Species: P. africanus

Conservation & Helping:

The common warthog is listed as a species of least concern. It is vulnerable to droughts and hunting, resulting in the extinction of localized populations. It is estimated that there is a population of 250,000 in southern Africa, with many populations spanning over protected areas.

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