Meet The Scorpiones

Scorpions belong to an order of animals known as scorpiones. Scorpions are arachnids like spiders and ticks. Like all arachnids, they are arthropods and have a hard exoskeleton. They’re the oldest arachnid on the planet. Some scorpion fossils date back over 250 million years! They use potent venoms to subdue their prey, which usually consists of insects but in some species may include small mammals. This venom is also used as a defense mechanism to defend against predation.

There are almost 2,000 different scorpions so we won’t see all of them here. But here’s a list of some of the more well-known species. Here they’re listed as beginner, intermediate, and advanced scorpions based on their level of aggression and the potency of their venom. Some will defend themselves with their venomous stingers, and others use their pincers. What’s the difference between venom and poison? Do scorpion pincers hurt? Some of these scorpions make awesome pets, but you should know that some scorpions are very dangerous, and can even kill a human.

Beginner Scorpions

  • Pandinus imperator – Emperor Scorpion. Although it can grow to be a massive eight inches long, this scorpion isn’t very venomous, and prefers to hunt with it’s massive pincers. They make wonderful and impressive pets as well! Meet our emperor scorpion, Shadow!
  • Pandinus dictator – Dictator Scorpion. Very similar to the emperor scorpion, but even larger! This is the largest scorpion in the world, often measuring longer than eight inches. Because they are very shy and are rarely seen outside of burrows, they aren’t very common. However, their calm, shy nature makes them excellent pets.
  • Heterometrus longimanus – Asian Forest Scorpion. Like the emperor scorpion, this is another fantastic pet scorpion due to their mild venom and more docile nature.
  • Scorpio maurus – Large Clawed Scorpion or Israeli Gold scorpion. These golden colored scorpions have large claws like the emperor scorpion as well as a mild venom. However, they are about half the size of an emperor scorpion. They can be found in the middle Eastern and north African deserts.

Intermediate Scorpions

  • Heterometrus javanensis – Javanese Jungle Scorpion. These brown and red scorpions don’t have a very potent venom, but are quite defensive and territorial, using their strong claws for defense. Found in the jungles of Indonesia.
  • Hadrurus arizonensis – Desert Hairy Scorpion. Another species that lives in the United States, these big yellow scorpions are common pets, although their sting can be quite painful.
  • Pandinus cavimanus – Tanzanian Red Clawed Scorpion. Although related to the calmer emperor and dictator scorpions, this scorpion is much more hostile. It’s sting is comparable to a bee. Although they are highly desirable due to their striking red colors.
  • Paravaejovis spinigerus – Stripe Tail scorpion or “Devil” scorpion. Found in northern Mexico and the American Southwest, this yellow and black species isn’t particularly venomous, but is small and can be defensive when approached.

Advanced Scorpions

  • Centruroides sculpturatus – Arizona Bark Scorpion. Watch out for this one, this is one of the deadliest scorpions in the world, and is found right here in the Southwest United States!
  • Leiurus quinquestriatus – Deathstalker Scorpion. This deadly scorpion boasts a terrifying name, and lives in the Middle-east and north Africa.
  • Androctonus – Fattail Scorpions. Like their name implies, these scorpions have very fat tails. They live in the deserts of Africa and Asia and can withstand very high temperatures.
  • Heterometrus spinifer – Malaysian Black Scorpion. Although not particularly venomous, they become very aggressive in captivity, and are quick to sting!

Keep Exploring Defenders!