What are plants?

What does Princess Peach have in common with Princess Daisy? Yes, they're both royalty, and cousins too. But they both have names that come from the world of Plants! Plants are all around us in the world, and mainly gain their energy from photosynthesis. This is a big difference from most other organisms in the world, because most are like us humans, and need to consume plant or animal matter to get energy. But just like us, plants are multicellular organisms, known as eukaryotes, so they're still closer to us than bacteria which are unicellular. How big is the plant world? Well it can contain things as different as a sunflower, to a strawberry, all the way to a mighty redwood tree!

Some examples of the various forms of plant life include...

  • Moss
  • Palm Trees
  • Ginkgo Biloba
  • Watermelon
  • Wheat
  • Conifers
  • Tulips
  • Cacti
  • And much, much more!

Botany is the study of plant life, and someone who works in this field is called a botanist. Just like animals, plants have been domesticated and play a vital role in many areas for humans - medicine, food, culture, materials, and more all have gained many benefits from the various plants in our world. At first all living things were split into two big groups - Plants, that usually do not move, and Animals, that often move to get their food. After years of research we've learned things aren't that simple, and organisms like fungi and algae that were once considered plants are now separate. The plant world is filled with many unique organisms - it is estimated there are over 300,000 different species of plant life!

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