Worms & the ecosystem

Worms are an extremely important part of the ecosystem. They're tube-shaped invertebrates that live in the soil or in water. Although there are parasitic worms that feed on plants and animals, we'll focus on the more beneficial soil dwelling worms. They range in size from less than a mm to over 3 feet in length! Worms will eat just about any decaying organic matter. This is great because they break down rotting meats and plants and turns them into soil. So not only do they clean up the ground of animal waste and decaying matter, but they help convert that matter into food for plants with their castings which makes a great fertilizer. Like many invertebrates, they provide food for the secondary consumers that eat the worms as well. Although they are very small, worms play a huge roll in our food chain!

Worms crawl through the soil looking for food and create paths that allow water and air to easily access the roots. Worms are like nature's gardeners, providing fertilizer and making sure plants have enough room to grow in the soil. They are found in every habitat or biome across the globe and they're essential in supporting plant life on this planet, which everyone needs to survive.


Keep Exploring Defenders!