Hey Defenders! Everyone is familiar with scorpions. These iconic creatures are well known for their pincers and their powerful tails and stingers. Scorpions are arachnids and have a crunchy outside called an exoskeleton. These exoskeletons help keep the scorpion rigid and gives them structure. Since scorpions don’t have bones like other organisms we call them invertebrates, but there are around 2,000 scorpion species on planet earth and all of them have stingers and pincers. Check out some of these cool features of scorpions below.
Take A Look At The Scorpions Tarsi and Tarsal Hooks
Most insects and arachnids have Tarsi which is a flexible portion on the lower end of the legs. These Tarsi often have around 5 jointed segments that allow for flexibility and grabbing on to different surfaces. On the end of these feet are an adaptation that you would expect a superhero have and these are the Tarsal Hooks or the Tarsal Claws and these Tarsal claws are used to hook into more porous surfaces likes rocks or the pedestal you can see in the pictures. Check out the close up pic of the Tarsal Hooks below.
This Is A Scorpions Telson
The most famous part of the scorpion is the Telson. This is the part of the tail that houses the venom and ends in a stinger. The Telson is hard and rigid like the rest of the scorpions exoskeleton and contains and neurotoxic venom that will mess with an animal’s nervous system if stung. The Telson is often a different color then the rest of the scorpions exoskeleton and is very important when the scorpion is trying to protect itself.
A Close Look At Scorpions Stinger and Hairs
The end of the Telson has a sharp and pointy part called the stinger. The stinger is the part that penetrates the predator or the prey’s skin to transfer the venom. Scorpions with use their stingers to help to subdue prey that may be too large and to scare off potential predators
Lastly, I bet you didn’t know that scorpions have hairs! Not, a full head of hair like you silly, but smaller, stiffer and more dispersed around the scorpion’s body… hairs. These little hairs are really important for when the scorpion is in it’s private burrow. Inside a burrow it is dark, quite and safe, well, at least the scorpion hopes and in the burrow there is very little air movement and this is where the hairs play and important role. The hairs help the scorpion to sense air vibrations and movements, but right when something enters the burrows the hairs start moving and the scorpion jumps into alert mode. Sometimes these hairs can be the difference between life and death for the scorpion.
If you want to learn more about scorpions head over to our kids zone and join in on all the animal fun. You can also follow us on our YouTube channel and other social networking sites to stay in tune with all the fun and see you later defenders! We added one of our Halloween episodes for you to see a scorpion in action!